Polaris Industries USA


Edgar Hetteen, Allen Hetteen, David Johnson

Medina, Minnesota, U.S.


Polaris Industries is an American manufacturer of snowmobiles, ATV, and neighborhood electric vehicles. Polaris is based in Roseau, Minnesota, USA. The company was founded in 1954 by Edgar Hetteen, Allen Hetteen, David Johnson. Its headquarter is situated in Medina, Minnesota, U.S. The key people of the company are Gregory Palen (Chairman) and Scott W. Wine (CEO). The company also manufactures motorcycles through its Victory Motorcycles subsidiary and through the Indian Motorcycle subsidiary which it purchased in April 2011. Polaris no longer manufactures watercraft. Robin (a subsidiary of Subaru Corporation) formerly manufactured and supplied all-terrain vehicle (ATV) and snowmobile engines for Polaris Industries Inc.

Polaris relocated a portion of its utility and sport vehicle assembly to Mexico in 2010. Components produced in Osceola, Wisconsin and the vehicle assembly in Roseau, Minnesota. The huge majority of powertrain and vehicles for the off-road line are produced in the Osceola and Roseau facilities, respectively. Both the Victory and Indian motorcycle brands are American built with complete powertrains and vehicle assembly located in Osceola, Wisconsin and Spirit Lake, Iowa, respectively.



Edgar Hetteen, who was explained by the Snowmobile Hall of Fame in St. Germain, Wisconsin as the father of the snowmobile, and Allan Hetteen were partners in Hetteen Hoist and Derrick Shop in Roseau, Minnesota. In 1934 Edgar had dropped out of school after the eighth grade. Their employees, David Johnson, partnered with Paul Knochenmus, and Orlen Johnson, who was the first person to ride a Polaris. He decided to manufacture a vehicle that could travel through snow. The No 1 sled was soon sold to Roseau lumberyard owner "Silver Pete" H.F. Peterson for $465 in order to meet company payroll.

However, the employees continued to be focused on manufacturing snowmobiles. Soon a second model was manufactured by Allen called the Polaris Sno Traveler. Polaris was famous for copying other snowmobiles. The first looked and operated like a Bosak Power toboggan and copied their design for the 1962 Polaris L-55 after the Tee-Nee trailer companies Eski-Motor. In 1956 the first production model rolled off the assembly line in Minnesota.

Edgar led three snowmobiles on a 1200-mile trek across the Alaskan wilderness, starting from Bethel, Alaska in 1960. The trip took three weeks, and much of the time. Edgar struggled to maintain 10 mph over the snow. Polaris started developing a smaller consumer-sized, front engine snowmobile to compete with the SkiDoo in the early 1960s. Polaris released the Comet in 1964. In the early 1980s, Polaris began creating an Indy style snowmobile with IFS and a wider stance. Polaris launched the Trailboss in 1985. It is considered to be the first American-made all-terrain vehicles (ATV).

In late 2005, Polaris Industries declared that it would purchase a portion of KTM Motorcycles. Through this venture KTM has developed their own ATV and Polaris has developed Sport ATVs which utilize the KTM 525 and 450 powerplants. Production of electric motorcycles was slated to commence at Polaris' factory in Spirit Lake, Iowa during the second half of 2015. Polaris also produces Victory and Indian motorcycles at the Spirit Lake factory. On January 9th, 2017 Polaris Industries Chairman and CEO Scott Wine declared they would be shutting down Victory Motorcycles.



Polaris Racing is one of the big four factory racing teams on the World Power Sports Association (WPSA) Snocross circuit. With 44 signed riders they also run in Hill Cross, Oval Track Racing, and Cross Country Racing. The Polaris Racing Team won 8 different Championships in the 2006-2007 season. Most all of the Polaris Racing riders drive the IQR 440, 600 or 700 Racer, depending on the class and the event. Polaris holds the most number of wins in the World's Longest Toughest Snowmobile Race, the Iron Dog a 2,000 miles race across Alaska.



Polaris Defense

Polaris Defense, a division of Polaris Industries, produces the MRZR platform and the DAGOR.



The U.S. Marine Corps signed a $2.5 million contract with Polaris to deliver 144 MRZR-D ATVs in November 2016. Called the Utility Task Vehicle (UTV), it is a version of the vehicle already in use by U.S. Special Operations Command. But it is designed to be diesel-powered and can run on JP-8 fuel. The Marines bought the unarmored ATVs because they can fit inside an MV-22 Osprey, enabling them to be deployed from long distances. The vehicles can carry four troops and have a small cargo bed capable of carrying 1,500 lb (680 kg) of payload. It is planned to field 18 MRZR-Ds per infantry regiment.



DAGOR (Deployable Advanced Ground Off-road) is a purpose-built, ultra-light combat vehicle designed and manufactured by Polaris Defense. It is built to meet the light-mobility needs of light infantry and special operations forces incorporating military commercial off-the-shelf (COTS) components and driveline system. The DAGOR was manufactured under contract from elements of the United States Special Operations Command (SOCOM) and international Special Operations Forces (SOF) customers.

The vehicle can be configured in up to 48 weapon different configurations using the weapons ring and multiple pintle mounts. The vehicle is powered by a light weight, commercial off-the-shelf turbo diesel / JP8 engine located at the front section. The vehicle supports low velocity air drop (LVAD) method.


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