J.C. Bamford Excavators Limited U.K.

J.C. Bamford Excavators Limited U.K.

J.C. Bamford Excavators Limited U.K.


Joseph Cyril Bamford

Rocester, Staffordshire, United Kingdom


J.C. Bamford Excavators Limited which is universally known as JCB is a British multinational corporation. JCB is the world's third largest construction equipment producer. It produces over 300 types of machine, including diggers, excavators, tractors and diesel engines. JCB was founded by Joseph Cyril Bamford in 1945. In the UK and India, 'JCB' is often used colloquially as a generic description for mechanical diggers and excavators and now appears in the Oxford English Dictionary, although it is still held as a trademark. Joseph Cyril Bamford made his first vehicle, a tipping trailer from war-surplus materials. In 1948, six people were working for the company, and it made the first hydraulic tipping trailer in Europe. In 1953, JCB launched its first backhoe loader and at the same time logo was appeared.

In 1957, the firm launched the "hydra-digga", incorporating the excavator and the major loader as a single all-purpose tool useful for the agricultural and construction industries. In 1960, JCB's hydraulic tractors entered the North American market and they proved the long-lasting success. In 1978, JCB introduced the Loadall machine. In 1991, the firm entered a joint venture with Sumitomo of Japan to produce excavators, which ended in 1998.

In 2004, production of the first engine, the JCB444 diesel engine was started, it was designed and manufactured by JCB. In 2005, JCB purchased the German equipment firm Vibromax. In 2007, JCB Heavy Products site began following the launch of an architectural design competition which was managed by RIBA Competitions. By the next year the firm began to move from its old site in Pinfold Street in Uttoxeter to the new site beside the A50. JCB announced plans to make India its largest manufacturing hub. Its factory at Ballabgarh in Haryana, was to become the world’s largest backhoe loader manufacturing facility.


Worldwide operations of the Company

JCB has 18 factories in the UK, Germany, North and South America, Australia, India, and China. The headquarter of JCB is in Rocester, United Kingdom which is also the production site for backhoe loaders and telescopic 'Loadall' handlers. In July 2013 the company opened a dedicated logistics hub in Newcastle-Under-Lyme. This facility is the central hub for component distribution to production facilities, as distinct from the World Parts Centre in Uttoxeter which distributes spare parts to dealers and customers. In December 2013 it was announced that the Rugeley Cab Systems plant would move to a new facility in Uttoxeter which would allow the in-sourcing of cab assembly currently contracted to third parties. JCB has also licensed its name and image to a line of consumer power tools, manufactured by Alba PLC. The products are sold through franchised dealerships, many of which are often exclusive and cover whole countries. JCB dominates the Indian construction equipment market with every three out of every four construction equipment sold in India being a JCB. JCB India's revenue rose more than 12 times to $1 billion in 2012-13 from $75 million in 2001. The Indian operations of the UK company account for 17.5% of its total revenue.


Product Line of the Company

Excavators :

Excavators ranging from the JZ70 to the JS460 are tracked 360°. In 2008 at Con expo JCB revealed a new top range JS520 which included the new style paint job with rams painted black. Excavators can be produced with either monoboom or a triple articulated boom.


Wheel Loaders :

Industrial and agricultural wheeled loaders from compact 6 tonne hydrostatic machines to larger 25 tonne quarrying machines using a mix of 4 and 6 cylinder diesel engines.


Tractors :

JVB also has its name in the world of tractor by producing one of the first such machines that features proper suspension and is capable of travelling at speed on roads. In 1990, JCB started the production of the JCB Fastrac. Prior to this design, the suspension was difficult because of the fixed-height connections required to farm machinery, and tractors were notoriously slow on the roads. Dependent on the model, the Fastrac can travel at 50 km/h, 65 km/h or 75 km/h (40 mph).


Military Vehicles :

JCB also makes a range of military vehicles, which also concentrate on load-handling and excavation. These include the JCB HMEE.


JCB Dieselmax :

In April 2006, JCB announced that they were developing a Diesel-powered Land Speed Record vehicle known as the 'JCB Dieselmax'. The car is powered by two modified JCB 444 diesel powerplants using a two-stage turbocharger to generate 750 bhp, one engine driving the front wheels and the other the rear wheels.


JCB Phones :

JCB licenses its brand for a series of rugged feature phones and smartphones targeted at construction personnel. The design and marketing contract was awarded to Data Select in 2010.




The JCB logo dates from 1953; from 1960 the company typewriters were given an extra key to render it accurately. The logo was designed by Leslie Smith, and is off-set at 18 degrees from the horizontal and 22 degrees from the vertical – the angles Joe Bamford liked. The company has mainly advertised in the trade publications and their advertisements have won many awards and particularly for photography.


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