Volkswagen, Germany

Volkswagen, Germany

Volkswagen Germany


28 May 1937; 80 years ago
German Labor Front

Wolfsburg, Germany


Volkswagen is a German automobile manufacturer founded on May 28 1937 by the German Labour Front. It is the flagship marque of the Volkswagen Group, the largest automaker by worldwide sales in 2016. Volkswagen Group of America, Inc., which is another branch under the Volkswagen Group, is a wholly owned subsidiary of Volkswagen AG. Volkswagen has numerous facilities dotted around the globe and moves people the world over. They focus on a wide spectrum of topics and are always adding new products and services to our portfolio. But at their core, they are still the innovative car maker from Wolfsburg. Volkswagen has worked intensively to implement the technical solutions and will modify all vehicles affected by the NOx matter. Customers will incur no costs for the implementation of the technical measures.

As part of the recall process, all customers will also be offered an appropriate replacement vehicle free of charge. Implementation of the necessary technical solutions is being carried out throughout Europe in accordance with the timetable and action plan coordinated with the Federal Motor Transport Authority.



1932 - 1938 :

In the early 1930s, the German auto industry was still largely composed of luxury models, and the average German could rarely afford anything more than a motorcycle. As a result, some car makers began independent "people's car" projects – the Mercedes 170H, Adler AutoBahn, Steyr 55, and Hanomag 1.3L, among others. In 1934, with many of the projects still in development or early stages of production, Adolf Hitler became involved, ordering the production of a basic vehicle capable of transporting two adults and three children at 100 km/h (62 mph). Erwin Komenda, the longstanding Auto Union chief designer, part of Ferdinand Porsche's hand-picked team, developed the car body of the prototype, which was recognizably the Beetle known today. It was one of the first cars designed with the aid of a wind tunnel. The construction of the new factory started in May 1938 in the new town of "Stadt des KdF-Wagens", which had been purpose-built for the factory workers. This factory had only produced a handful of cars by the time war started in 1939.


1945 - 1948 :

The company owes its post-war existence largely to one man, British Army officer Major Ivan Hirst, REME. The factories were placed under the control of Oldham-born Hirst, by then a civilian Military Governor with the occupying forces. One plan was to use it for military vehicle maintenance, and possibly dismantle and ship it to Britain. One of the factory's War-time 'KdF-Wagen' cars had been taken to the factory for repairs and abandoned there. Hirst had it repainted green and demonstrated it to British Army headquarters. Hirst and his German assistant Heinrich Nordhoff helped to stabilize the acute social situation while simultaneously re-establishing production. In 1986, Hirst explained how it was commonly misunderstood that he had run Wolfsburg as a British Army Major. At Nordhoff's suggestion, he sent back to England for his officer's uniform and from then on, had no difficulty in having his instructions followed.

Hirst can be seen photographed at Wolfsburg in his uniform, although he was not actually a soldier at the time but a civilian member of the Military Government. Ford representatives were equally critical. In March 1948, the British offered the Volkswagen company to Ford, free of charge. Heinz Nordhoff was also present, and Ernest Breech, chairman of the board for Ford Motor Company. Ford passed on the offer, leaving Volkswagen to rebuild itself under Nordhoff's leadership.


1948 - 1961 :

From 1948, Volkswagen became an important element, symbolically and economically. In 1949, Major Hirst left the company, the company is now re-formed as a trust controlled by the West German government and government of the State of Lower Saxony. The "Beetle" sedan or "people's' car" Volkswagen is the Type 1. Apart from the introduction of the Volkswagen Type 2 commercial vehicle like, van, pickup and camper. On entry to the U.S. market the Volkswagen was briefly sold as a Victory Wagon. In 1959, Volkswagen started production at a plant near Sao Paolo in Brazil. On August 22, 1960, Volkswagenwerk GmbH was renamed to Volkswagenwerk AG. Although the car was becoming outdated, during the 1960s and early 1970s, American exports, innovative advertising, and a growing reputation for reliability helped production figures surpass the levels of the previous record holder, the

Ford Model T. To commemorate its passing the Ford Model T's record sales mark and its victories in the Baja 1000 Mexican races from 1967 to 1971, Volkswagen produced its first limited-edition Beetle. It featured unique "Marathon Blau" metallic blue paint, steel-pressed 10-spoke 15-inch (38 cm) magnesium-alloy wheels, a commemorative metal plate mounted on the glovebox and a certificate of authenticity presented to the original purchaser.


1961 - 1973 :

The 1961 Type 1 Beetle is equipped with the 36hp 1200cc four cylinder air-cooled flat-four opposed OHV engine made of aluminum alloy block and heads. The air-cooled engines were commonly tuned to be fuel rich in order to control engine overheating, and this led to excessive carbon monoxide emissions. In 1961, Volkswagen expanded its product line with the introduction of four Type 3 models, Karmann Ghia, Notchback, Fastback, and Variant. In 1969, the larger Type 4 models were introduced. These models are different from the previous vehicles, with the notable introduction of monocoque/unibody construction, the option of a fully automatic transmission, electronic fuel injection, and a sturdier powerplant. In 1964, Volkswagen acquired Auto Union, and in 1969, NSU Motorenwerke AG (NSU). he former company owned the historic Audi brand.

Volkswagen merged with the Auto Union and NSU to create the modern Audi company, and would go on to develop it as its luxury vehicle marque. In 1973, the forst Volkswagen Passat was introduced, which was a fastback version of Audi 80. In 1974, the pivotal model of Volkswagen Golf was emerged in the market. Its design followed trends for small family cars which was set by the Mini in the year 1959. In 1975, Volkswagen introduced the Polo, it was rebadged Audi 50. In 1977, Volkswagen Derby was introduced and Polo became the base of Derby.


1973 - 1999 :

In the 1980s, Volkswagen's sales in the United States and Canada fell dramatically, despite the success of models like the Golf elsewhere. The Japanese and the Americans were able to compete with similar products at lower prices. Sales in the United States were 293,595 in 1980, but by 1984 they were down to 177,709. In 1981, the second generation of the Polo was launched as a hatchback and coupe. In 1983 the MK2 Golf was launched. In 1991, Volkswagen launched the third-generation Golf which received the award of the European Car of the Year in 1992. In 1993, the Golf Mk3 and Jetta arrived in North America. The sedan version of the Golf was badged Vento in Europe, but remained Jetta in the U.S. The Scirocco and the later Corrado were both Golf-based coupés.

In 1994, Volkswagen introduced the J Mays-designed Concept One, a "retro"-themed concept car which shares the platform of the Polo. In 1995 the Sharan was launched in Europe, the result of a joint venture with Ford, which also resulted in the Ford Galaxy and SEAT Alhambra. In the end of 1997, Golf Mk4 was introduced, its chassis spawned a host of other cars within the Volkswagen Group; the Volkswagen Bora, SEAT Toledo, SEAT León, Audi A3, Audi TT, and Škoda Octavia. In the year 1998, the company launched the new Lupo, a city car produced from 1998 to 2005.


2000 - Present :

Volkswagen partnered with Daimler AG and other companies to market the BlueTec clean diesel technology on cars and trucks from Mercedes-Benz, Volkswagen, and other companies and brands. Volkswagen has offered a number of its vehicles with a TDI engine which lends class-leading fuel economy to several models. These Clean Diesel engines are limited to running on 5% (B5) biodiesel only to maintain Volkswagen's warranty. Volkswagen added the SUV to its lineup but relented with the introduction of the Touareg, which was made in the partnership with Porsche while they worked on the Porsche Cayenne and later the Audi Q7. In 2006, Volkswagen began offering the City Golf and City Jetta only for the Canadian market. Both the City Golf and City Jetta are originally the Mk4 Golf and Jetta but were later replaced with the Brazilian versions of the Golf Mk4 and Bora. In 2016, the Volkswagen Atlas begins production.


Plug-in Electric Vehicles

In 2016, the Volkswagen Group offers for retails customers nine plug-in electric cars, of which, three are all-electric cars: the Volkswagen e-Up!, e-Golf and Audi R8 e-tron, and six are plug-in hybrids: the Volkswagen Golf GTE, Passat GTE, Audi A3 Sportback e-tron, Q7 e-tron quattro, Porsche Panamera S E-Hybrid and Cayenne S E-Hybrid. The Group plans to expand its plug-in range with 20 new pure electric and plug-in hybrid cars, those includes, the Porsche Mission E all-electric car and the Audi e-tron quattro. In June 2016, Volkswagen built a program to develop 30 all-electric cars in 10 years, and sell 2-3 million electric cars per year by 2025. Due to lower manpower requirements for electric motors than for piston engines volkswagen expects a gradual workforce reduction as numbers of electric cars increase.



List of few top most popular Volkswagen models on JCT :

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