Peugeot, France

Peugeot, France

Peugeot France

 

Established
1882
Founder
Armand Peugeot

Headquarters
Sochaux, France

 

Peugeot is a French car maker, a part of Groupe PSA. The Peugeot company and family are originally from Sochaux, France. In February 2014, the shareholders agreed to a recapitalisation plan, in which Dongfeng Motors and the French government each bought a 14% stake in the company. Peugeot received many international awards for its vehicles, including European Car of the Year awards. In the year 2013 and 2014, Peugeot ranked the second lowest for average CO2 emissions among generalist brands in Europe, the Renault car maker group being ranked first, with 114.9g CO2/km. Peugeot is known as a very reliable brand. In Africa and Cuba, Peugeot is also called "the lion". Peugeot's stimulating and rewarding driving, a sleek design and uncompromising quality are the brand’s commitment to its customers and contribute to the emotion that each PEUGEOT provides.

Peugeot was involved in motorsport from the earliest days and entered five cars for the Paris-Rouen Trials in 1894 with one of them, driven by Lemaître. Participation in a variety of events continued until World War I, but in 1912, Peugeot made its most notable contribution to motor sporting history when one of their cars, driven by Georges Boillot, won the French Grand Prix at Dieppe. Peugeot has been involved in motor sport for more than a century. Surpassing Toyota and Audi, Peugeot Sport won the World Rally Championship five times, the Intercontinental Le Mans Cup twice (2010 and 2011), the World Endurance Championship twice (1992, 1993), and the Intercontinental Rally Challenge Championship three times. During the last year, Peugeot Sport has surpassed the record set in the ascent to Pikes Peak with the Peugeot 208 T16 driven by Sébastien Loeb, and got a triple victory of the Peugeot 208 GTi in its class at the 24 Hours Nürburgring race. In 2015, Peugeot returned to the Dakar Rally after its four victories in the 1980s.

 

 

History

In 1989, the first Peugeot automobile was introduced. It was a three wheeled, steam powered car which was designed by the Léon Serpollet and only four examples of the vehicle was made. In 1890, after meeting Daimler and Émile Levassor, steam was abandoned in favour of a four-wheeled car with a petrol-fuelled internal combustion engine built by Panhard under Daimler licence. The car was more sophisticated than many of its contemporaries, with a three-point suspension and a sliding-gear transmission. Peugeot was an early pioneer in motor racing, with Albert Lemaître winning the world's first motor race, the Paris–Rouen, in a 3 hp Peugeot. Three Peugeots were entered in the Paris–Bordeaux–Paris, where they were beaten by Panhard's car and taking the 31,500 franc prize. In 1896, Peugeot developed their own engineers, they are no more reliant on Daimler.

The first engine was an 8 hp (6.0 kW) horizontal twin fitted to the back of the Type 15. Later, after further improvements, the engine moved to the front on the Type 48 and was soon under a bonnet at the front of the car, instead of hidden underneath. For the 1914 French GP, Peugeot was overmatched by Mercedes, and despite a new innovation, four-wheel brakes, Georges proved unable to match them and the car broke down. During the First World War, Peugeot turned largely to arms production, becoming a major manufacturer of arms and military vehicles, from armoured cars and bicycles to shells. In 1929, Peugeot introduced the cheapest car in the French market named as, Peugeot 201. The Peugeot system of using three digit names with a central 0 was introduced in 1929. The first digit has always signified the car's size and the final digit has indicated the generation of vehicle.

In 1947, Peugeot introduced the Peugeot 203, with coil springs, rack-and-pinion steering, and hydraulic brakes. he 203 set new Peugeot sales records, remaining in production until 1960. In 1950, Peugeot took over Chenard-Walcker which already been required to acquire a controlling interest in Hotchkiss in 1942. Peugeot introduced a popular model, the Peugeot 403, a 4-door sedan in the year 1955. Peugeot 403 comes with the 1.5-liter engine, it sold one million copies by the end of its production run in 1962, famously including one cabriolet/convertible driven by TV detective Columbo. More models followed, many styled by Pininfarina, such as the 504, one of Peugeot's most distinctive models. Like many European manufacturers, collaboration with other firms increased; Peugeot worked with Renault from 1966 and Volvo from 1972.

 

1980 - 2000 :

In 1983, Peugeot launched the successful Peugeot 205 supermini, which is largely credited for turning the company's fortunes around. It won plaudits for its styling, ride and handling. It remained on sale in many markets until 1998. It overlaps with the introduction of the 106 in 1991, and ceasing production at the launch of the 206, which also proved hugely popular across Europe. In 1987, the 405 saloon was launched to compete with the likes of the Ford Sierra, and was voted European Car of the Year. Production of the 405 in Europe was divided between Britain and France, although its 406 successor was only produced in France. The 106, Peugeot's entry-level model from 1991, was also produced solely in France. In the early 1990s, the newly introduced 405 proved uncompetitive with domestic and import models in the same market segment, and sold less than 1,000 units. In 1997, just six years after pulling out of both United States and Canadian markets, Peugeot returned to Mexico after a 36-year absence.

 

2000 - Present :

On 18 April 2006, PSA Peugeot Citroën announced the closure of the Ryton manufacturing facility in Coventry, England. Peugeot is a long way from its ambitious target of selling 4 million units annually by the end of the decade. Peugeot still plans on developing new models to compete in segments where it currently does not compete. Despite Peugeot's sportscar racing program, the company is not prepared to build a pure sportscar any more hardcore than the RC Z sports-coupe. It is also pursuing government funding to develop a diesel-hybrid drivetrain, which might be key to its expansion. In October 2013, Peugeot closed their production plant at Aulnay-sous-Bois as part of a restructuring plan to reduce overcapacity in the face of a shrinking domestic market.

In February 2014, the Peugeot family agreed to give up control of the company by reducing its holdings from 25% to 14%. As part of this agreement, Dongfeng Motors and the French government were each to buy 14% stakes in the company, creating three partners with equal voting rights.In January 2015, Indian multinational automotive giant Mahindra & Mahindra purchased a major stake of 51% of Peugeot Motocycles for a price of 28 million euro.

 

MOTORSPORT

Rallying :

Peugeot is one of the most successful winners in rallying, along with Citroën Racing, by winning five times the World Rally Championship Manufacturer's Title, six times the Dakar Rally, three times the Intercontinental Rally Challenge and three times the European Rally Championship. In 1999, Peugeot returned to the World Rally Championship with the 206 WRC. The car was immediately competitive against such opposition as the Subaru Impreza WRC, the Ford Focus WRC, and the Mitsubishi Lancer Evolution. Marcus Grönholm gave the car its first win at the 2000 Swedish Rally.

 

Touring Car Racing :

Throughout the mid 1990s, the Peugeot 406 sedan, contested touring car championships across the world, enjoying success in France, Germany and Australia. In Gran Turismo 2 the 406 saloon description sums its racing career up as "a competitive touring car which raced throughout Europe". In 2001, Peugeot entered three BTC-T Peugeot 406 Coupés into the British Touring Car Championship to compete with the dominant Vauxhall Astra coupes.

 

 

List of few top most popular Peugeot models on JCT :

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