Abarth

Abarth

Abarth & C. Automobiles S.p.A. Italy

 

Established
1949
Predecessor
Alfredo Altavilla (COO)

Headquarters
Turin Italy

 

Abarth & C. S.p.A. is an Italian racing car and road car maker founded by Italo-Austrian Carlo Abarth in 1949. Its logo is a shield with a stylized scorpion on a yellow and red background. Abarth & C. S.p.A. is a fully owned subsidiary of FCA Italy S.p.A. (formerly Fiat Group Automobiles S.p.A.), the subsidiary of Fiat Chrysler Automobiles (formerly of Fiat S.p.A.) controlling its European automotive production activities. Carlo sold Abarth to Fiat on 31 July 1971.

The acquisition was only made public by Fiat with a press release on 15 October. As Fiat was not interested in the Reparto Corse racing operations, these were taken over by Enzo Osella. Osella obtained cars, spares,

technicians and drivers (amongst them Arturo Merzario), and continued the racing activity founding the Osella racing team. Thus ended for Abarth the days of sport prototype and hill climb racing.

 

History

Carlo Abarth was sporting director of the Cisitalia factory racing team starting in 1947. 1948 saw the financial downfall of Cisitalia, spurred by the investments needed to put the 202 coupe into production. The following year the manufacturer folded, and founder Piero Dusio flew to Argentina. Carlo Abarth, funded by Armando Scagliarini, took over Cisitalia's assets and on 31 March 1949 Abarth & C. was founded in Bologna. Carlo's astrological sign, Scorpio, was chosen as the company logo. From the Cisitalia liquidation Abarth obtained five 204 sports cars (two complete Spiders and three unfinished), a D46 single seater and various spares. The 204s were immediately rechristened Abarth 204 A.

Abarth built and raced sports cars developed from the last Cisitalia cars. In addition to Guido Scagliarini, the "Squadra Abarth" racing team lined up celebrated drivers including Tazio Nuvolari, Franco Cortese and Piero Taruffi. Notably Tazio Nuvolari made his last appearance in racing at the wheel of an Abarth 204 A, winning its class in the Palermo–Monte Pellegrino hillclimb on 10 April 1950. Alongside racing, the company's main activity was producing and selling accessories and performance parts for Fiat, Lancia, Cisitalia and Simca cars, like inlet manifolds and silence.

Carlo sold Abarth to Fiat on 31 July 1971. The acquisition was only made public by Fiat with a press release on 15 October. As Fiat was not interested in the Reparto Corse racing operations, these were taken over by Enzo Osella. Osella obtained cars, spares, technicians and drivers (amongst them Arturo Merzario), and continued the racing activity founding the Osella racing team. Thus ended for Abarth the days of sport prototype and hill climb racing.

 

Models:

Fiat-Abarth 750:

The Fiat-Abarth 750 is a compact sporting series of automobiles manufactured by the Italian manufacturing firm Abarth & C. of Turin, Italy in the 1950s and 1960s. The cars used the floorpan and often the bodywork of the Fiat 600 but were fitted with Abarth's modified engines. Abarth also offered a number of bodyworks by other designers for the 750 and its derivatives, most famously Zagato but also Allemano and others.

Abarth's first model based on the Fiat 600 was the Spyder 210 A, which first appeared in late 1955 - soon after the introduction of the 600 itself. Using the standard 600's bottom plate and a modified engine, its sleek bodywork was by Boano. It has a low-cut windscreen, vestigial rear fins, and a single center mounted headlight. The 633 cc engine offers 32 CV (24 kW) while an enlarged 710 cc 39 CV (29 kW) option was also available.

 

Abarth 124 Spider:

The Abarth 124 Spider is a performance version of the Fiat 124 Spider (2016) under the Abarth marque. It was introduced at the 2016 Geneva Motor Show along with the Abarth 124 Spider Rally racing car. Final assembly of the car takes place in the Officine Abarth in Turin, Italy, where the model specific parts are installed on the Japanese built roadster. The Abarth 124 Spider features many changes from its Fiat counterpart. On the exterior these include Abarth badging, an optional black racing stripe hand-painted on the hood and decklid, and 17 inch aluminum wheels.

 

Fiat Abarth 595:

The Abarth 595 is a sports car from Fiat , which on the Fiat 500 (2007) is based and branded Abarth is built and marketed. It is offered since August 2012 and the base price is 20.190. Additional performance-enhanced and more feature-rich versions of the 595 are the Abarth 595 Turismo and the Abarth 595 Competizione. The Abarth 595 is equipped with a 1.4-liter inline four-cylinder turbo gasoline engine (T-JET) with 140 hp (103 kW). The displacement of the engine is 1368 cc. The maximum torque of the engine is 206 Nm, at a speed of 2000 rpm. The Abarth 595 is
available with a manual five-speed transmission (MT) or extra charge with automatic transmission. The chassis consists of MacPherson independent front suspension with a stabilizer bar and a torsion beam rear axle, The suspension tuning corresponds to a sports suspension, the body is lowered.

 

Abarth 695 Biposto:

The Abarth 695 Biposto is a car model based on the Fiat 500 and sold under the Abarth brand . The vehicle is a road legal derivative of the racing version Abarth 695 Assetto Corse with appropriate orientation. The suffix "Biposto" indicates the reduction to two seats. After the 695 Biposto was first presented at the Geneva Motor Show , he came in late 2014 in the trade. The annual production 2014 is sold out. The Biposto is only available in gray matt performance. In Germany, the car costs from 39,900 euros. The chassis consists of a MacPherson axle with stabilizer front and a torsion beam axle with stabilizer rear. The Extreme Shox shock absorbers with sport springs all around are height adjustable.

 

Fiat takeover

Carlo sold Abarth to Fiat on 31 July 1971. The acquisition was only made public by Fiat with a press release on 15 October. As Fiat was not interested in the Reparto Corse racing operations, these were taken over by Enzo Osella. Osella obtained cars, spares, technicians and drivers (amongst them Arturo Merzario), and continued the racing activity founding the Osella racing team. Thus ended for Abarth the days of sport prototype and hill climb racing. On 1 October 1981, Abarth & C. ceased to exist and was replaced by Fiat Auto Gestione Sportiva, a division of the parent company specialized in the management of racing programmes that would remain in operation through to the end of 1999, when it changed to Fiat Auto Corse S.p.A. In the 1980's, Abarth name was mainly used to mark performance cars, such as the Fiat Ritmo Abarth 125/130 TC. In 2000's, Fiat used the Abarth brand to designate a trim/model level, as in the Fiat Stilo Abarth.

 

Abarth Models:


 

 

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